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The scale of this issue is enormous in the United States even though Here are the unbiased pros and cons of gun control to review as they.
Table of contents

Smith, Faith Laken, and Jaesok Son. Interviews are primarily in-person…. For through , 0. These missing cases were analyzed to see if gun ownership could be imputed based on their other known characteristics. As Table 1 shows, those refusing have a profile that indicates they are probably disproportionately gun owners.

The refusers 0. Missing cases 0. Gallup, February 1, These findings are based on aggregated data from six separate Gallup polls that asked about gun ownership—one each year from through The analyses presented here are based on interviews with more than 6, U. NOTE: As documented in the next two footnotes, levels of self-declared gun ownership likely understate the actual levels of ownership. What are some of the reasons you own a gun? Department of Justice to Just Facts, January 15, Hence, Just Facts estimated total murders with firearms by assuming that the rate of firearm usage is the same for cases in which Supplemental Homicide Reports were filed and not filed.

The classification of this offense is based solely on police investigation as opposed to the determination of a court, medical examiner, coroner, jury, or other judicial body. The UCR Program does not include the following situations in this offense classification: deaths caused by negligence, suicide, or accident; justifiable homicides; and attempts to murder or assaults to murder, which are classified as aggravated assaults. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology , Fall We interviewed a large nationally representative sample…. A professional telephone polling firm, Research Network of Tallahassee, Florida, carried out the sampling and interviewing.

Please do not include military service, police work, or work as a security guard. An additional step was taken to minimize the possibility of DGU [defensive gun use] frequency being overstated. The senior author went through interview sheets on every one of the interviews in which a DGU was reported, looking for any indication that the incident might not be genuine.

Another way of assessing how serious these incidents appeared to the victims is to ask them how potentially fatal the encounter was. Would you say almost certainly not , probably not, might have, probably would have, or almost certainly would have been killed? Truman and Lynn Langton. Revised September 29, The UCR is based upon incidents reported to law enforcement authorities and does not account for unreported crimes. The U. The UCR Program currently collects information on murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, arson, and human trafficking.

The current NCVS collects detailed information on the frequency and nature of the crimes of rape and other sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault, personal larceny, household burglary, motor vehicle theft, and other theft. Each year, BJS interviews a nationally representative sample of approximately , persons age 12 or older living in U. Households remain in the sample for 3. The NCVS includes, but the UCR excludes, sexual assault completed, attempted, and threatened , attempted robberies, verbal threats of rape, simple assault, and crimes not reported to law enforcement.

The UCR captures crimes reported to law enforcement, but collects only arrest data for simple assault and sex offenses other than forcible rape. Revised July 25, An attack or attempted attack with a weapon, regardless of whether an injury occurred, and an attack without a weapon when serious injury results. With injury —An attack without a weapon when serious injury results or an attack with a weapon involving any injury.

Serious injury includes broken bones, lost teeth, internal injuries, loss of consciousness, and any unspecified injury requiring two or more days of hospitalization. Threatened with a weapon —Threat or attempted attack by an offender armed with a gun, knife, or other object used as a weapon that does not result in victim injury. An unlawful physical attack or threat of attack. Assaults may be classified as aggravated or simple.

Rape, attempted rape, and sexual assaults are excluded from this category, as well as robbery and attempted robbery. The severity of assaults ranges from minor threats to nearly fatal incidents. Completed or attempted theft, directly from a person, of property or cash by force or threat of force, with or without a weapon, and with or without injury. Attack without a weapon resulting either in no injury, minor injury for example, bruises, black eyes, cuts, scratches or swelling or in undetermined injury requiring less than 2 days of hospitalization.

Also includes attempted assault without a weapon. With minor injury —An attack without a weapon resulting in such injuries as bruises, black eyes, cuts or in undetermined injury requiring less than 2 days of hospitalization. Without injury —An attempted assault without a weapon not resulting in injury.

Journal of Quantitative Criminology , March Within the past 12 months, have you yourself used a gun, even if it was not fired, to protect yourself or someone else, or for the protection of property at home, work, or elsewhere? This is largely identical to the standard question from the other surveys, but the reference period is 1 year rather than 5 years. The question also refers to the respondent alone, rather than to all household members. Because gun ownership is a strong correlate of firearm resistance e. The interviewers selected a single respondent from within each household. To correct for this, Just Facts used the following equation:.

A specified random selection procedure was used to ensure that approximately one half of respondents were male and one half were female. If more than one eligible individual was in the selected gender category, the interviewer asked for the respondent with the most recent birthday. Households occupied by minorities were oversampled to ensure adequate minority representation and then weighted to adjust for unequal selection probabilities.

Therefore, by the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby direct the following:. Section 1. The Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretary , through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other scientific agencies within the Department of Health and Human Services, shall conduct or sponsor research into the causes of gun violence and the ways to prevent it. The Secretary shall begin by identifying the most pressing research questions with the greatest potential public health impact, and by assessing existing public health interventions being implemented across the Nation to prevent gun violence.

Leshner and others. In January , President Obama issued 23 executive orders directing federal agencies to improve knowledge of the causes of firearm violence, the interventions that might prevent it, and strategies to minimize public health burden. The CDC and the CDC Foundation 2 requested that the Institute of Medicine IOM , in collaboration with the National Research Council NRC , convene a committee of experts to develop a potential research agenda focusing on the public health aspects of firearm-related violence— its causes, approaches to interventions that could prevent it, and strategies to minimize its health burden.

Defensive use of guns by crime victims is a common occurrence, although the exact number remains disputed Cook and Ludwig, ; Kleck, a. Almost all national survey estimates indicate that defensive gun uses by victims are at least as common as offensive uses by criminals, with estimates of annual uses ranging from about , to more than 3 million Kleck, a , in the context of about , violent crimes involving firearms in BJS, On the other hand, some scholars point to a radically lower estimate of only , annual defensive uses based on the National Crime Victimization Survey Cook et al.

The variation in these numbers remains a controversy in the field. The estimate of 3 million defensive uses per year is based on an extrapolation from a small number of responses taken from more than 19 national surveys. The former estimate of , is difficult to interpret because respondents were not asked specifically about defensive gun use. A different issue is whether defensive uses of guns, however numerous or rare they may be, are effective in preventing injury to the gun-wielding crime victim.

Studies that directly assessed the effect of actual defensive uses of guns i. Effectiveness of defensive tactics, however, is likely to vary across types of victims, types of offenders, and circumstances of the crime, so further research is needed both to explore these contingencies and to confirm or discount earlier findings. Even when defensive use of guns is effective in averting death or injury for the gun user in cases of crime, it is still possible that keeping a in the home or carrying a gun in public—concealed or open carry—may have a different net effect on the rate of injury.

For example, if gun ownership raises the risk of suicide, homicide, or the use of weapons by those who invade the homes of gun owners, this could cancel or outweigh the beneficial effects of defensive gun use Kellermann et al. Although some early studies were published that relate to this issue, they were not conclusive, and this is a sufficiently important question that it merits additional, careful exploration. By James D.

Wright and Peter D. Aldine De Gruyter, Expanded edition published in Almost all of the information presented here was obtained from a survey of men serving sentences for felony offenses in 11 state prisons scattered throughout the country. However uncertain one may be about their reliability as sources, convicted criminals are about the only source of empirical information on this topic that can be tapped at reasonable cost. We also show later that convicted felons are not totally unreliable informants. Summarizing briefly, Marquis found:.

There is no evidence that prisoners attempt to deny salient aspects of their criminal past. Have you ever been scared off, shot at, wounded, or captured by an armed victim? Was there ever a time in your life when you decided not to do a crime because you knew or believed that the victim was carrying a gun? Kochanek and others. Annual victimization rates alone do not convey the full impact of crime as it affects people.

Annual rates can provide a false sense of security by masking the real impact of crime. Upon hearing that the homicide rate is about 8 to 10 per , population, one feels safe; after all, 1 chance in 10, is not very frightening. Actually, however, at recent homicide rates about 1 of every Americans will become a murder victim; for black males the proportion is estimated to be 1 of every Similarly, while 16 out of 10, women are rape victims annually, the lifetime chances of suffering a rape are much greater. If the Earth revolved around the sun in days, all of our annual crime rates would be halved, but we would not be safer.

Because of the assumptions involved in the calculations and because the data derive from a sample survey, the numbers presented in this report are estimates only; they should be interpreted only as indications of approximate magnitude, not as exact measures. Essentially they are calculated values of lifetime risk rather than descriptions of what has been observed.

Revised February 4, Note: Includes only inmates with a current conviction…. Estimates may differ from previously published BJS reports. Although an agency may administratively close a case, that does not necessarily mean that the agency can clear the offense for UCR purposes. Note: The UCR Program does not distinguish between offenses cleared by arrest and those cleared by exceptional means in collecting or publishing data via the traditional Summary Reporting System.

In the UCR Program, a law enforcement agency reports that an offense is cleared by arrest, or solved for crime reporting purposes, when three specific conditions have been met. The three conditions are that at least one person has been:. In its clearance calculations, the UCR Program counts the number of offenses that are cleared, not the number of persons arrested. The arrest of one person may clear several crimes, and the arrest of many persons may clear only one offense.

In addition, some clearances that an agency records in a particular calendar year, such as , may pertain to offenses that occurred in previous years. When this occurs, the agency can clear the offense exceptionally. Law enforcement agencies must meet the following four conditions in order to clear an offense by exceptional means. Examples of exceptional clearances include, but are not limited to, the death of the offender e.

In the UCR Program, the recovery of property alone does not clear an offense. In the nation in , When considering clearances of violent crimes, New York Times , February 7, New York Daily News , February 1, Judith Riesman, September 12, Criminal Justice Policy Review, September Pages Scripps Howard News Service, The deliberate killings of men, members of racial and ethnic minorities and young adults are much less likely to be solved than other kinds of homicides, according to a Scripps Howard News Service analysis of detailed FBI computer files of more than half a million homicides committed from to Department of Justice.

December Excludes murder because the NCVS is based on interviews with victims and therefore cannot measure murder. Jail sentences are usually a year or less in a county or city facility, while prison sentences are usually more than a year and are served in a state facility. Aggravated assault An attack or attempted attack with a weapon, regardless of whether an injury occurred, and an attack without a weapon when serious injury results. With injury— An attack without a weapon when serious injury results or an attack with a weapon involving any injury.

Murder 1 Intentionally causing the death of another person without extreme provocation or legal justification or 2 causing the death of another while committing or attempting to commit another crime. Forced sexual intercourse including both psychological coercion as well as physical force.

Forced sexual intercourse means vaginal, anal or oral penetration by the offender s. This category also includes incidents where the penetration is from a foreign object such as a bottle. Includes attempted rapes, male as well as female victims, and both heterosexual and same sex rape. Attempted rape includes verbal threats of rape. Sexual assault A wide range of victimizations, separate from rape or attempted rape.

These crimes include attacks or attempted attacks generally involving unwanted sexual contact between victim and offender. Sexual assaults may or may not involve force and include such things as grabbing or fondling. Sexual assault also includes verbal threats. Simple assault Attack without a weapon resulting either in no injury, minor injury for example, bruises, black eyes, cuts, scratches or swelling or in undetermined injury requiring less than 2 days of hospitalization.

Durose, Alexia D. Cooper, and Howard N. Note: Prisoners were tracked for 5 years following release. The study excluded releases that were transfers to the custody of another authority, releases due to death, releases on bond, releases to seek or participate in an appeal of a case, and escapes from prison or absent without official leave AWOL.

Inmates whose sentence was less than 1 year were also excluded. The first release during was selected for persons released multiple times during the year. New York Times , April 28, Baltimore Sun , January 1, Baltimore Sun , January 7, Nearly a quarter were on parole and probation at the time of the killing for which they are now a suspect. Nearly 2. The average suspect had been arrested more than nine times before, and Gun Ban. Washington Post , June 26, June [T]he D. Council votes 12 to 1 in favor of a bill restricting city residents from acquiring handguns.

The law exempts guards, police officers and owners who had registered their handguns before it took effect. Under the bill, all firearms including rifles and shotguns, which were not restricted by the law must be kept unloaded and disassembled, except those in business establishments. September Attempts in Congress to block the District law fail, clearing the way for it to go into effect. Fenty, Mayor of the District of Columbia, Petitioners, v. Dick Anthony Heller, Respondent. In the Supreme Court of the United States.

January 4, Case Firearms required to be unloaded and disassembled or locked. Supreme Court, June 26, Decided 5—4. Dissenting: Stevens, Souter, Ginsburg, Breyer. The handgun ban and the trigger-lock requirement as applied to self-defense violate the Second Amendment. Under any of the standards of scrutiny the Court has applied to enumerated constitutional rights, this prohibition—in the place where the importance of the lawful defense of self, family, and property is most acute—would fail constitutional muster.

Similarly, the requirement that any lawful firearm in the home be disassembled or bound by a trigger lock makes it impossible for citizens to use arms for the core lawful purpose of self-defense and is hence unconstitutional.

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Because Heller conceded at oral argument that the D. Assuming he is not disqualified from exercising Second Amendment rights, the District must permit Heller to register his handgun and must issue him a license to carry it in the home. Data supplied to Just Facts on June 15, NOTE: Data available upon request. Provided that a smooth bore shot-gun or air-gun or air-rifle other than air-guns and air-rifles of a type declared by rules made by a Secretary of State under this Act to be specially dangerous and ammunition therefor shall not in Great Britain be deemed to be a firearm and ammunition for the purpose of the provisions of this Act other than those relating to the removal of firearms and ammunition from one place to another or for export….

The surrender was the main measure in response to the tragic events of 13 March , when Thomas Hamilton walked into Dunblane Primary School armed with four handguns and rounds of ammunition and shot dead 16 children and their teacher, and wounded 10 other children and three other teachers. Under the first Firearms Amendment Act of large-calibre handguns became prohibited from 1 July , with owners having until 30 September to dispose of them lawfully, and small-calibre handguns became prohibited from 1 February , with disposal by 28 February As a first step in managing the surrender and compensation schemes, the Home Office and the police needed to contact handgun owners and dealers to ensure that they were aware of the terms of the prohibition and surrender.

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The Home Office provided booklets for the police to distribute to handgun owners and dealers, explaining the requirements of the legislation and the terms of the compensation. The Home Office could not provide absolute assurance that no handguns had been unlawfully retained, but was reasonably satisfied that individual police forces had ensured that prohibited handguns in their area had either been surrendered or otherwise lawfully disposed of. The Home Office assured us that individual forces had accurate records of firearms held on firearms certificates.

They had used these to follow up firearms which were to be surrendered under the terms of the Acts, and had made adequate checks on handguns claimed to have been otherwise lawfully disposed of, for example by owners sending them abroad. Sixteen of the 26 police forces the National Audit Office visited considered that they had satisfied themselves that all relevant handguns had been traced and those prohibited surrendered. The remaining ten had been unable to account for the handguns held by a total of 35 owners by the end of the surrender period, although by September over three-quarters of these cases had been resolved.

The intention of the prohibition under the firearms legislation was to remove handguns from civilian ownership, and thereby also from the risk of being used in crime. Appendix Table 2. Data presented in this chapter have been extracted from the Home Office Homicide Index which contains detailed record-level information about each homicide recorded by police in England and Wales. It is continually updated with revised information from the police and the courts and, as such, is a richer source of data than the main recorded crime dataset.

Homicide Index data are based on the year when the offence was first recorded, not when the offence took place or when the case was heard in court. While in the vast majority of cases the offence will be recorded in the same year as it took place, this is not always the case. Caution is needed when looking at longer-term homicide trend figures, primarily because they are based on the year in which offences are recorded by the police rather than the year in which the incidents took place. For example, the homicides attributed to Dr.

Also, where several people are killed by the same suspect, the number of homicides counted is the total number of victims killed rather than the number of incidents. Figure 2. Such changes between publications years is common as police investigations continue and as more cases are concluded at court. Decided unanimously. This proceeding involves the Chicago Weapons Ordinance, passed by the Chicago City Council on March 19, … rendering certain firearms unregisterable in the City of Chicago. Under that ordinance, several categories of firearms, including handguns, became unregisterable in the City of Chicago.

The failure to re-register firearms every two years after the enactment of the ordinance rendered such firearms permanently unregisterable, and thereby caused handgun owners to forfeit their right to possess such firearms within the City of Chicago. The ordinance requires that all firearms in Chicago be registered with the city. Filed June 26, Case 08cv Applications for renewal shall be made by such registrants 60 days prior to the expiration of the current registration certificate.

Chicago Tribune, August 12, Supreme Court decision that ruled blanket prohibitions of handguns in the home for self-defense violated 2nd Amendment rights. Accessed September 9, Chicago Tribune , July 28, Supreme Court that struck down a similar ban. No date is given for the estimate or census result. Chicago Tribune , July 25, Accessed March 28, The Winnetka Village Council voted unanimously Tuesday night to end its ban on gun possession. The action comes after a Supreme Court decision that calls handgun bans a violation of the 2nd Amendment.

Chicago Breaking News Center, December 18, Supreme Court, June 28, Dissenting: Stevens, Ginsburg, Breyer, Sotomayor. Two years ago, in District of Columbia v. Ratified December 15, Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit, July 6, Majority: Kanne and Sykes. Concurring: Rovner. City of Chicago , S. In the Supreme Court struck down a similar District of Columbia law on an original-meaning interpretation of the Second Amendment.

Heller , U. Heller held that the Amendment secures an individual right to keep and bear arms, the core component of which is the right to possess operable firearms—handguns included—for self-defense, most notably in the home. McDonald , S. Good news - if you're a crook. Yes, people pull the trigger - but guns are the instrument of death. Gun control is necessary, and delay means more death and horror. You can have all the gun control laws in the country, but if you don't enforce them, people are going to find a way to protect themselves.

We need to recognize that bad people are doing bad things with these weapons. It's not the law-abiding citizens, it's not the person who uses it as a hobby. As for gun control advocates, I have no hope whatever that any facts whatever will make the slightest dent in their thinking - or lack of thinking. If we don't get gun-control laws in this country, we are full of beans. And I agree with Mayor Michael Bloomberg: It's time to put up or shut up about gun control for both parties.

Unfortunately, most gun control advocates are not really interested in rational debate, and their political games simply send Alice chasing white rabbits down holes. Gun control? We need bullet control! I think every bullet should cost 5, dollars. Because if a bullet cost five thousand dollar, we wouldn't have any innocent bystanders.

I'm doing a debate for my history class, and I was a little confused about the Second Amendment and what it says about militias. Can you explain this? The exact wording of the Second Amendment is "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Gun Control

Constitutional lawyers, politicians, and ordinary people have all argued about the relationship of militias to the right to bear arms in the statement. Militias were a common way of organizing a fighting force during the time of the revolution. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. But is a well-regulated militia necessary to the security of a free state years after that line was written?

If the answer is No, doesn't the whole argument fall down?

10 Advantages and Disadvantages of Gun Control –

I fell that we the people should be allowed to have guns because any criminal would be more influenced to use them while the people do not. I do not want anyone to get hurt especially my family. Gun control makes no sense. There are 4, shootings in the state with the strictest gun control laws, Chicago. Obviously the gun control laws don't work if there are that many shootings in Chicago. If our government takes our guns they are taking our rights. We have the rights to bear arms but if they take that right away they take what we legally are able have.

And I agree with???? I do think we need to be more careful with our guns and children, if the kids have a mental illness and get the guns and die that would be very sad. We should take care of our guns and protect our rights to own them. With this thought I leave you with, what would happen if the government took our guns away? If they are determined to kill somebody they will go and get on with it no matter how many laws forbid them.

Gun control wont help it will only create a new way for people to break the law and if someone had the mentality to start shooting people the police wont be able to stop it is they are so far away. I agree most public shootings are obtained illegally anyways so by taking away our guns you are only putting the public more at risk.

Whether it be with a gun, a knife, or any other weapon. People focus so much on the fact that it is too easy to obtain guns when a lot of the shooting cases guns are obtained illegally anyway. Is it too much to ask if we start by, eliminating purchasable military grade weapons. I know its not much, but its a start.

I've yet to seen a justifiable reason to own a weapon designed, purely and solely for military guerilla use. Or on a lesser note at least switch with the criteria for handguns Basically, no right is absolute if it clashes with other rights. As the debate continues, having a firm and clear set of rules will help everyone come up with a solid ground on gun control.

If we have a smart president we will never have gun control in the U. And for the good of america we should know the real facts about it and why it will never happen! Part of the reason for owning a firearm is psychological. In America we choose to be a government of the people, meaning that we have a government by consent.

Having a firearm says that you're willing to be primarily responsible for your own security, with the police and military being an additional and necessary protection but because we agreed to it. Nations that institute strict gun control tend to create a dependant mindset among the people and a people less directly involved in the daily decisions making regarding their own laws. This can set the groundwork for tyranny because people feel a helplessness as to the correcting the actions of a rogue government.

There is the main argument about gun control laws in the U. I think gun control is so dangerous. The more people who have guns, the more likely it is that there will be a shoot out. So I support anti-gun policy. It increases gun-related crimes. It gives kids easier access to guns which can cause accidents. The number of fatal gun accidents has been increasing every year. It is not the absence of a gun control law that causes accidental deaths. Some people can be in possession of a gun. In short, I think we should have gun laws similar to U.

I personally believe it should be a privilege and not a right to bear arms. Something that is to be earned. A licence should be required for gun ownership, with categories for different types of firearms making sure that people know how to operate, control and store these weapons in a safe and secure manner, preventing them from landing into the wrong hands. I am not an US citizen but I believe that it would be a gross stupidity for you American to give this cherised liberty away.

My heart goes out to the teachers and children that have been massacred. It is horrible and inacceptable but who are responsible. The authorities are? Why have no rules and restrictions be put inplace. US , namely that unregistered firearms already in possession of the owner do not have to be registered, and information obtained from NFA applications and registrations cannot be used as evidence in a criminal trial when the crime occurred before or during the filing of the paperwork.

On Oct. On Jan. The most common state gun control laws include background checks, waiting periods, and registration requirements to purchase or sell guns. Gun rights laws include concealed and open carry permits, as well as allowing gun carry in usually restricted areas such as bars, K schools, state parks, and parking areas. Until , the Supreme Court repeatedly upheld a collective right that the right to own guns is for the purpose of maintaining a militia view of the Second Amendment, concluding that the states may form militias and regulate guns.

The first time the Court upheld an individual rights interpretation that individuals have a Constitutional right to own a gun regardless of militia service of the Second Amendment was the June 26, US Supreme Court ruling in DC v. Of course the right was not unlimited… Thus we do not read the Second Amendment to protect the right of citizens to carry arms for any sort of confrontation, just as we do not read the First Amendment to protect the right of citizens to speak for any purpose.

Chicago that the Fourteenth Amendment, specifically the Due Process Clause, includes the Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms and, thus, the Second Amendment applies to the states as well as the federal government, effectively extending the individual rights interpretation of the Second Amendment to the states.

On June 27, , in Voisine v. On Feb.

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  5. As of Jan. Welles, a retired CIA officer, and N. Largely, the current public gun control debate in the United States occurs after a major mass shooting. There were at least mass shootings between Jan. Opponents of more gun laws accuse proponents of using a tragedy to further a lost cause, stating that more laws would not have prevented the shootings.